Biology Courses

BIOL 100 Modern Concepts in Life Science 4 credits
This course is an introduction to modern concepts of cell biology, metabolism, photosynthesis, nutrition, reproduction, heredity, evolution, behavior, and ecology, emphasizing the process of acquiring biological knowledge. Consideration is given to social and ethical implications of biological issues.

BIOL 102 Horticultural Science 3 credits
This course is an examination of the scientific concepts on which horticulture is based. Emphasis is placed on the study of the plant, the basis of all horticulture activities. The subject of hydroponics is considered, and plants are grown hydroponically in the green house.

BIOL 107 Human Biology 4 credits
The study of Human Biology including elements of cell biology, genetics, anatomy, and physiology, disease, immunity, evolution, ecology, and the impact of humans on the environment. (Not open to Biology majors)   

BIOL 108 Botany 4 credits
This course provides a comprehensive overview of plants, including diversity, evolution, anatomy, physiology, and ecology with an emphasis on experimentation and scientific writing.

BIOL 110 Plants, People, and Environment 4 credits
This course is a study of plant life, including the evolution of the various groups of plants, and an introduction to the morphology and anatomy of vascular plants, plant genetics, and the functional life processes of plants. Some economic and ecological problems such as world climate change are also examined.

BIOL 168 Introduction to Mammalian Anatomy and Physiology I 3 credits
This course is a study of mammalian anatomy as exemplified in the cat. Included are discussion and study of the following: the functioning of cells and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, sensory, and endocrine systems; lab study of the anatomy of the cat; human physiology. (This course may be taken for credit as PHED 168.) Not open to Biology majors.

BIOL 169 Introduction to Mammalian Anatomy and Physiology II 3 credits
This course is a study of mammalian anatomy as exemplified in the cat. Included are discussion and study of the following: the functioning of the cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and  reproductive systems; lab study of the anatomy of the cat; human physiology. (This course may be taken for credit as PHED 169.) Not open to Biology majors.

BIOL 180 Invertebrate Zoology 4 credits
This course is a structural, functional, and evolutionary study of the major invertebrate phyla.

BIOL 205 Emergency Medical Training 3 credits
This course studies medical, communication, and transportation records and report instructions as required for certification by the West Virginia Department of Health for emergency medical technicians. (Red Cross advanced first aid certificates may be earned by those passing the examination.)

BIOL 221 Introduction to Environmental Science 3 credits
This course is a study of processes of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere, and of the human impact on the environment. Included are the consideration of ethical problems related to the environment and a review of environmental laws and government agencies. Prerequisites: CHEM 101, 102.

BIOL 228 Field Botany 2 credits
This course is an introduction to the taxonomy of vascular plants, with emphasis on the local flora and on the techniques of herbarium science.

BIOL 231 Ornithology 3 credits
This course is a study of the anatomy, behavior, and identification of birds.

BIOL 250 Biological Rhythms 2 credits
This course is a study of circadian and other rhythms in living organisms including humans. Emphasized are the physiological and behavioral aspects of rhythms.

BIOL 251 Endocrinology 3 credits
This course is a study of various endocrine glands and their hormonal regulations of diverse physiological functions in health and disease.

BIOL 280 Animal Nutrition 3 credits
This course is a study of the nutritional and feeding requirements of domesticated species. Topics discussed include comparative physiology of the digestive systems of domesticated animals, nutrient categories, basic ration formulation, including uses of concentrates, nutrient supplementation, and forages.   

BIOL 290 General Genetics 4 credits
This course is a synthesis of basic genetic principles and modern molecular theory.

BIOL 291 Animal Genetics and Breeding 3 credits
This course is a study of the application of genetic and breeding principles to production of domesticated species. Genetic and environmental bases of variation and methods in quantitative genetics are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the utilization of selection and mating systems and planned breeding programs.

BIOL 308 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 4 credits
This course compares the anatomy of representative forms of vertebrates and includes laboratory study of the comparative anatomy of the shark, other lower vertebrates, and the cat.

BIOL 310 Evolution 2 credits
This course is an examination of evidence for the theories of evolution with special attention to the modern synthesis of genetic and ecological factors. Also considered are the implications of evolution for religious thought. Prerequisite: An elementary course in Biology or permission of the instructor.

BIOL 320 Physical Chemistry I with Biological Applications
4 credits
This course is an introduction to the nature of thermodynamics including equilibrium processes. Applications of physical concepts to systems of biochemical and biological interest are included. Studies of chemical and phase equilibria complete the course. (This course may be taken for credit as CHEM 320.) Prerequisites: CHEM 212 and MATH 202 or permission of the instructor.

BIOL 326 Ecology 3 credits
This course is a study of the general principles of ecology of microorganisms, plants, and animals. Special emphasis is on field study of several communities.

BIOL 338 Plant Anatomy and Physiology 3 credits
This course is an examination of morphology and anatomy of the vascular plants and a study of the fundamental life processes of plants: growth; reproduction; irritability; metabolism; and hormonal control.

BIOL 341 Cell Biology 3 credits
This course is an introduction to the structure and physiology of the eukaryotic cell.

BIOL 343 Microbiology 4 credits
This course is a study of morphology and physiology of microorganisms, principles of lab technique, and cultural characteristics and environmental influences on microbial growth.

BIOL 351 Molecular Biology and Biochemistry I 4 credits
This course is an introduction to the structural organization and chemical composition of cells and to fundamental chemical processes carried on inside organelles. Included are enzymatic action, transport across biological membranes, and basic metabolic pathways as they relate to cell structure. The laboratory focuses on current techniques for the isolation and analysis of basic biomolecules and on some practical applications of enzymology. (This course may be taken for credit as CHEM 351.)  Prerequisites: CHEM 111, 222.

BIOL 352 Molecular Biology and Biochemistry II 4 credits
This course is an introduction to the biosynthesis of biomolecules, gene expression and control, and recombinant DNA technology. The laboratory focuses on current techniques for probing biochemical reactions and for isolating and engineering DNA. (This course may be taken for credit as CHEM 352.) Prerequisites: BIOL 351 or CHEM 351.

BIOL 378 Junior Seminar I 1 credit
This course studies theory and practice of selected methods in biological instrumentation, research, and evaluation of data. Special emphasis is on those methods not covered in other courses in the department and on methods helpful for the completion of the senior project.

BIOL 379 Junior Seminar II 1 credit
Students prepare and present a writing portfolio and a proposal for senior project research.

BIOL 425 Animal Physiology 4 credits
This course is a study of the structure and functions of the human body and of the mechanism of bodily movements, responses, reactions, and various physiological states.

BIOL 440 Histology 4 credits
This course is a study of animal tissues.

BIOL 442 Embryology 4 credits
This course is a study of the ontogenetic development of selected embryos. Primary emphasis is on the vertebrates.

BIOL 477 Senior Seminar I 1 credit
This course is an introduction to the literature of the biological sciences, including both research papers and review articles, and to the basics of scientific writing.

BIOL 478 Senior Seminar II 1 credit
This course emphasizes polishing the skills useful to the student who is in the process of finishing the written portion of the senior project. When possible, the student makes an oral presentation of the senior project and completes a paper or reviews an article for publication.

BIOL 487-488 Independent Study 2-4 credits

BIOL 490 Senior Project 2-3 credits
The senior project is begun in the second semester of the junior year and completed in the spring semester of the senior year. It generally is a research project developed with a faculty member.

BIOL 495 Graduation Audit Non-credit
Registration for this course initiates a graduation audit process to verify that all requirements for graduation are scheduled to be met by the anticipated degree completion date.